Transports

All scanner share the same basic connection args. Transports are subclasses of gallia.transports.BaseTransport.

URIs

The argument --target specifies all parameters which are required to establish a connection to the device under test. The argument to --target is specified as a URI. An URI consists of these components:

scheme://host:port?param1=foo&param2=bar
        |location |

The parameters support: string, int (use 0x prefix for hex values) and bool (true/false) values. The relevant transport protocol is specified in the scheme.

isotp

ISO-TP (ISO 15765-2) as provided by the Linux socket API.

The can interface is specified as a host, e.g. can0. The following parameters are available (these are ISOTP transport settings):

src_addr (required)

The ISOTP source address as int.

dst_addr (required)

The ISOTP destination address as int.

is_extended (optional)

Use extended CAN identifiers.

is_fd (optional)

Use CAN-FD frames.

frame_txtime (optional)

The time in milliseconds the kernel waits before sending a ISOTP consecutive frame.

ext_address (optional)

The extended ISOTP address as int.

rx_ext_address (optional)

The extended ISOTP rx address.

tx_padding (optional)

Use padding in sent frames.

rx_padding (optional)

Expect padding in received frames.

tx_dl (optional)

CAN-FD max payload size.

Example:

isotp://can0?src_addr=0x6f4&dst_addr=0x654&rx_ext_address=0xf4&ext_address=0x54&is_fd=false

can-raw

src_addr (required)

The ISOTP source address as int.

dst_addr (required)

The ISOTP destination address as int.

is_extended (optional)

Use extended CAN identifiers.

is_fd (optional)

Use CAN-FD frames.

Example:

can-raw://can1?is_fd=true

doip

The DoIP gateway address is specified in the location.

src_addr (required)

The source address as int.

dst_addr (required)

The destination address as int.

Example:

doip://169.254.100.100:1234?src_addr=0xf4&dst_addr=0x1d

tcp-lines

A simple tcp based transport. UDS messages are sent linebased in ascii hex encoding. Mainly useful for testing.

Example:

tcp-lines://127.0.0.1:1234

API

Transports can also be used in own standalone scripts; transports are created with the .connect() method which takes a URI.

import asyncio

from gallia.log import setup_logging
from gallia.transports import DOiPTransport


async def main():
    transport = await DOiPTransport.connect("doip://192.0.2.5:13400?src_addr=0xf4&dst_addr=0x1d")
    await transport.write(bytes([0x10, 0x01]))


setup_logging()
asyncio.run(main())